Original Article Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) protein expression and laryngeal cancer prognosis: a meta analysis

Rong-Rong Liu, Ming-Dong Li, Te Li, Yun Tan, Min Zhang, Ji-Chuan Chen
2015 Int J Clin Exp Med   unpublished
Objective: To investigate the protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and its clinical significance in laryngeal cancer. Methods: A comprehensive search for the related literature published in China and other countries was conducted in a variety of databases, including MEDLINE, Embase, China Academic Journals Full-text Database, Wanfang Data and VIP Database. A total of seven case-control studies were included in the final systematic assessment. A meta-analysis software program
more » ... as used to statistically analyze the raw data from each study for the calculation of the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Results: The meta-analysis indicated that, compared with normal laryngeal tissue, the MMP2 protein was highly expressed in the laryngeal cancer tissue [OR=21.67; 95% CI: 11.61-40.43; P<0.001]. Compared with highly differentiated laryngeal cancer, the MMP2 protein expression level was higher in the moderately and poorly differentiated laryngeal cancers [OR=0.25; 95% CI: 0.13-0.46; P<0.001]. Compared with laryngeal cancers without lymph node metastasis, the laryngeal cancers with lymph node metastasis exhibited a greatly elevated MMP2 protein expression [OR=0.25; 95% CI: 0.14-0.46; P<0.001]. Conclusion: High protein expression levels of MMP2 may play an important role in the tumorigenesis, progression and prognosis of laryngeal cancer.