Tetracycline Degradation by Peroxydisulfate Activated by Waste Pulp/Paper Mill Sludge Biochars Derived at Different Pyrolysis Temperature

Baowei Zhao, Juanxiang Zhang
2022 Water  
The technique of using biochar-based catalysts in persulfate activation is a promising alternative to remov emerging and refractory pollutants (e.g., tetracycline-) in wastewater. However, the situation of biochars derived from waste pulp/paper mill sludge is still unclear. The pulp/paper mill sludge biochars (SBC300, SBC500, and SBC700) were obtained and characterized at pyrolysis temperatures of 300, 500, and 700 °C. Tetracycline degradation using peroxydisulfate activated by SBCs was
more » ... ated. The results demonstrated the removal efficiencies of tetracycline in SBC300-, SBC500- and SBC700-peroxydisulfate systems, which increased with the pyrolysis temperatures and were 4.3, 4.8, and 5.0 times that of a system with peroxydisulfate alone. The experiments of free radical quenching, singlet oxygen quenching, and electrochemistry indicated that the degradation of tetracycline in SBC-peroxydisulfate systems was mainly not a free radical pathway, but a non-radical pathway. Singlet oxygen (1O2) and electron transfer could play main roles in the degradation removal of tetracycline. The removal efficiencies of tetracycline in the SBC-peroxydisulfate systems could be up to 96.0% (SBC700-peroxydisulfate) under the optimum dosage of SBC, the molar ratio of peroxydisulfate to tetracycline and the solution pH value. The results indicate that a SBC700-peroxydisulfate system could be an effective "trash-to-treasure" treatment technique for wastewater containing antibiotics.
doi:10.3390/w14101583 fatcat:4254g6ooabcbrabx6lnhhwxkfq