Standard Lexicons, Coding Systems and Ontologies for Interoperability and Semantic Computation in Imaging

Kenneth C. Wang
2018 Journal of digital imaging  
Standard clinical terms, codes, and ontologies promote clarity and interoperability. Within radiology, there is a variety of relevant content resources, tools and technologies. These provide the basis for fundamental imaging workflows such as reporting and billing, and also facilitate a range of applications in quality improvement and research. This article reviews the key characteristics of lexicons, coding systems, and ontologies. A number of standards are described, including International
more » ... assification of Diseases-10-Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), Current Procedural Terminology (CPT), Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT), Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC), and RadLex. Tools for accessing this material are reviewed, such as the National Center for Biomedical Ontology BioPortal system. Web services are discussed as a mechanism for semantic application development. Several example systems, workflows, and research applications using semantic technology are also surveyed.
doi:10.1007/s10278-018-0069-8 pmid:29725962 pmcid:PMC5959830 fatcat:ghj223m2w5bhtlb7ryeu24wiza