A Cross-National Study of the Relationship Between Quality of Government, Level of Corruption, and Levels of Institutional and Social Trust

Mohammad Fazeli, Mohaddeseh Jalili
2018 جامعه شناسی کاربردی  
Introduction Corruption has different effects in society including erosion of political legitimacy, justifying injustice, and weakening social and institutional trusts. On the other hand, quality of government has been introduced as a key factor in combating corruption and rise of trust. Decreasing level of trust also create a self-reinforcing process which rises corruption through more readiness for committing corrupted activities. Then corruption and trust create a positive feedback process
more » ... ich strength each other and erode quality of government. Corruption causes less productive use of public resources and spending, inadequate incentives for investment, low quality decisions, and eroding social capital. It seems the starting point for dealing with corruption is quality of government. Quality of government including trustworthiness, impartiality and rationality in political and government institutions. While Bo Rothstein (2012) argues for the key role of quality of government for trust, Robert Putnam insists on quality and quantity of civil society. He argues that civil society creates social trust resulted in quality of government and reducing corruption. Rothstein and Putnam are representatives of top-down and bottom-up approach for explaining social trust and corruption. This article considers the relationship between level of corruption and the degree of social and institutional trusts. The main hypothesis is that a good-quality government increases social and institutional trusts by reducing level of corruption. Material & Methods This paper uses secondary data. Transparency International, ICRG corruption index, the index of corruption of Institution of Global Competition and Bertelsmann's corruption index, together have created a non-corruption index based on factor analysis. Data on trust have been adopted from Inglehart's WVS. Inglehart's trust data have been used in three categories: institutional trust, social trust and participation in civil society. Data on inde [...]
doi:10.22108/jas.2017.75148 doaj:a3836a50dea94def9ef2dc4179d07eea fatcat:uz3lupsdvnc2bgrwmujltxqhoa