Hardware-Software Codesign of Wireless Transceivers on Zynq Heterogeneous Systems
IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing
Recently, wireless technology has seen many new devices, protocols, and applications. As standards adapt to keep pace with hardware availability and user needs, the trend points towards systems that achieve high data rates with low energy consumption. Moreover, there is an emerging vision of a transceiver architecture that can adapt to multiple protocols, existing and evolving. This architecture maps computation to underlying heterogeneous computing elements, composed of processors and field
... grammable gate array (FPGA) fabric. Here, we introduce a method for modeling a generic orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) wireless transceiver on the Zynq system-on-chip by decomposing the standard specifications into a set of functional blocks used in multiple protocols. Implementing the 802.11a physical (PHY) layer as an example, our approach creates Simulink model variants for both transmitter and receiver, each with a different boundary between hardware and software components. We use these models to generate hardware description language (HDL) code and bitstream for the programmable logic and C code with an executable for the advanced RISC machine (ARM) processor. We validate, profile, and analyze the models using metrics including frame time, resource utilization, and energy consumption. Our results demonstrate how to select a co-design configuration considering execution time and energy, and show how our platform can be reused for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and protocol coexistence.