Determining Olfactory Dysfunction Prevalence and Risk factors in Eskişehir, Turkey

BURCU KÖKOĞLU, CEMAL CİNGİ, UGUR BİLGE, İLHAMİ ÜNLÜOĞLU
2017 Konuralp Tip Dergisi  
Objective: Population-based studies of olfactory dysfunction are currently lacking in Turkey. We evaluated the prevalence of subjective olfactory dysfunction, and its risk factors, among the general population of Eskişehir, Turkey. Methods: In this prospective descriptive study. The "Sniffin' Sticks" odor test was applied to 478 volunteers selected from among patients and relatives who were admitted to health centers in Eskişehir for any reason. Results: The participants' mean odor
more » ... n odor identification (OI) score was 8.23 ± 2.37. There were no significant differences between males and females, and no association between smoking status (smokers vs. non-smokers) and OI score (p<0.05). Steroid use was associated with impaired OI. The detection accuracy for pen #5 (banana) was 85.1% compared to 82.6% for pen #12 (fish). Garlic, a frequently used spice in Turkey, was associated with a relatively low detection accuracy rate of 7.1%. This result may be due to insufficient similarity between the odor contained in the test pen and the odor of the type of garlic widely used within Turkish society. Conclusions: In older subjects, OI scores were decreased; scores were also lower in steroid users, suggesting that topical nasal steroids should only be used when absolutely necessary. By using this test we can detect olfactory dysfunction which can be the earliest sign of serious diseases. A family doctor is the most important step in preventive medicine. And we think that it can be a great earning to our daily practice.
doi:10.18521/ktd.330895 fatcat:d42iin2m65h4jimo46xm2vqrf4