Reduction of Global Plant Production due to Droughts from 2001 to 2010: An Analysis with a Process-Based Global Terrestrial Ecosystem Model

Chang Liao, Qianlai Zhuang
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="American Meteorological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Earth Interactions</a> </i> &nbsp;
Droughts dramatically affect plant production of global terrestrial ecosystems. To date, quantification of this impact remains a challenge because of the complex plant physiological and biochemical processes associated with drought. Here, this study incorporates a drought index into an existing process-based terrestrial ecosystem model to estimate the drought impact on global plant production for the period 2001-10. Global Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) gross primary
more &raquo; ... ction (GPP) data products are used to constrain model parameters and verify the model algorithms. The verified model is then applied to evaluate the drought impact. The study indicates that droughts will reduce GPP by 9.8 g C m 22 month 21 during the study period. On average, drought reduces GPP by 10% globally. As a result, the global GPP decreased from 106.4 to 95.9 Pg C yr 21 while the global net primary production (NPP) decreased from 54.9 to 49.9 Pg C yr 21 . This study revises the estimation of the global NPP and suggests that the future quantification of the global carbon budget of terrestrial ecosystems should take the drought impact into account.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1175/ei-d-14-0030.1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:ubamtst77jcazeyp3qsskvq4dq</a> </span>
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