Theory of Photoinduced Phase Transitions in Molecular Conductors: Interplay Between Correlated Electrons, Lattice Phonons and Molecular Vibrations

Kenji Yonemitsu
2012 Crystals  
Dynamics of photoinduced phase transitions in molecular conductors are reviewed from the perspective of interplay between correlated electrons and phonons. (1) The charge-transfer complex TTF-CA shows a transition from a neutral paraelectric phase to an ionic ferroelectric phase. Lattice phonons promote this photoinduced transition by preparing short-range lattice dimerization as a precursor. Molecular vibrations stabilize the neutral phase so that the ionic phase, when realized, possesses a
more » ... zed, possesses a large ionicity and the Mott character; (2) The organic salts θ-(BEDT-TTF) 2 RbZn(SCN) 4 and α-(BEDT-TTF) 2 I 3 show transitions from a charge-ordered insulator to a metal. Lattice phonons make this photoinduced transition hard for the former salt only. Molecular vibrations interfere with intermolecular transfers of correlated electrons at an early stage; (3) The organic salt κ-(d-BEDT-TTF) 2 Cu[N(CN) 2 ]Br shows a transition from a Mott insulator to a metal. Lattice phonons modulating intradimer transfer integrals enable photoexcitation-energy-dependent transition pathways through weakening of effective interaction and through introduction of carriers.
doi:10.3390/cryst2010056 fatcat:n2dunfowa5a3bfq462cvh5fh3a