Postpartum depression in Recife - Brazil: prevalence and association with bio-socio-demographic factors

Amaury Cantilino, Carla Fonseca Zambaldi, Thiago Lucena César de Albuquerque, Juliana Alencar Paes, Ana Carla Peres Montenegro, Everton Botelho Sougey
2010 Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria  
OBJECTIVE:To use a semi-structured interview to detect depression in postpartum women according to the criteria proposed by the DSM in child health care clinics in the city of Recife, together with the proper association of this disorder to bio-socio-demographic data. METHODS: The study used a cross-section method and contained a convenience sample of 400 women that were between 2 and 26 weeks of postpartum in child health care clinics. A bio-socio-demographic questionnaire and the Portuguese
more » ... rsion of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders were used. RESULTS: Twenty nine of the mothers (7.2%) were diagnosed as suffering from postpartum depression. Women with a past history of psychiatric disorders, a family history of psychiatric disorder and some sort of clinical complication presented a higher prevalence of depression. The same happened to those with a past history of spontaneous abortion, those who had a transpelvic birth and those over 8 weeks of puerperium. CONCLUSION: The rate of postpartum depression in this sample, 7.2%, was lower than that reported by other Brazilian studies. It probably occurred because the other researchers used screening scales to assess this estimate instead of a clinical interview.
doi:10.1590/s0047-20852010000100001 fatcat:px674ccsvzhehlbfla3f6472xy