Semantic technologies for historical research: A survey

Albert Meroño-Peñuela, Ashkan Ashkpour, Marieke van Erp, Kees Mandemakers, Leen Breure, Andrea Scharnhorst, Stefan Schlobach, Frank van Harmelen, Aldo Gangemi
2014 Semantic Web Journal  
The diversity of sources of information for historical research fill a continuum between individual accounts transmitted for instance in letters but also in poems and songs, and aggregated statistical information as in the case of historical census. Historiography shares this heterogeneity and complexity of source material with other humanities fields. Methods to order this rich material, and by this ordering also to determine the way history is told are as old as history writing and vary among
more » ... the different branches (or subdisciplines) of historical research. In this paper we focus on the work of historians, and even more specifically economic and social history.At the crossroad of information and historical sciences, so-called Historical Informatics or History and Computing emerged as a specific profession during the nineties of the last century. Together with computer scientists historians created a research agenda concentrating around questions how to create, design, enrich, edit, retrieve, analyze and present historical information with help of information technology. There exist a number problems and challenges in this field; some of them are closely related to semantics and meaning of knowledge in general. In this context, Semantic Web technologies can be applied in a number of situations, environments, applications of historical computing and historical information science. However, only a few number of contributions have yet considered these technologies. In this survey we present an overview of the past and present problems, challenges and advances of historical science computing, from out the perspective of Semantic technology.
doi:10.3233/sw-140158 fatcat:e2pc3ou67zdhvhfd22ndhi6h7m