Atomistic structure and dynamics of the human MHC-I peptide-loading complex

Olivier Fisette, Gunnar F. Schröder, Lars V. Schäfer
2020 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The major histocompatibility complex class-I (MHC-I) peptide-loading complex (PLC) is a cornerstone of the human adaptive immune system, being responsible for processing antigens that allow killer T cells to distinguish between healthy and compromised cells. Based on a recent low-resolution cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of this large membrane-bound protein complex, we report an atomistic model of the PLC and study its conformational dynamics on the multimicrosecond time scale
more » ... g all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in an explicit lipid bilayer and water environment (1.6 million atoms in total). The PLC has a layered structure, with two editing modules forming a flexible protein belt surrounding a stable, catalytically active core. Tapasin plays a central role in the PLC, stabilizing the MHC-I binding groove in a conformation reminiscent of antigen-loaded MHC-I. The MHC-I–linked glycan steers a tapasin loop involved in peptide editing toward the binding groove. Tapasin conformational dynamics are also affected by calreticulin through a conformational selection mechanism that facilitates MHC-I recruitment into the complex.
doi:10.1073/pnas.2004445117 pmid:32788370 fatcat:jayajaqffjhrbe3exoljz6czry