Conformal Elasticity of Mechanism-Based Metamaterials [article]

Michael Czajkowski, Corentin Coulais, Martin van Hecke, D. Zeb Rocklin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Deformations of conventional solids are described via elasticity, a classical field theory whose form is constrained by translational and rotational symmetries. However, flexible metamaterials often contain an additional approximate symmetry due to the presence of a designer soft strain pathway. Here we show that low energy deformations of designer dilational metamaterials will be governed by a novel field theory, conformal elasticity, in which the nonuniform, nonlinear deformations observed
more » ... er generic loads correspond with the well-studied conformal maps. We validate this approach using experiments and finite element simulations and further show that such systems obey a holographic bulk-boundary principle, which enables an unprecedented analytic method to predict and control nonuniform, nonlinear deformations. This work both presents a novel method of precise deformation control and demonstrates a general principle in which mechanisms can generate special classes of soft deformations.
arXiv:2103.12683v2 fatcat:uoaiq77fnra6faxdi3w5k7cs3q