The planned industrial district: its significance for urban development in Canada

William Jean Vianney Kennedy
The most undesirable side-effect of the Industrial Revolution was the blighting of the surrounding residential environment by smoke and effluvia from the factories. This has resulted firstly, in an attempt by public authorities to curb the excesses of industry and to make it more compatible with the residential environment; and, secondly, in a movement of the factory workers away from their place of work into areas reserved exclusively for residential development. Today, due to technological
more » ... to technological advances, industrial nuisances have been virtually eliminated and atmospheric pollution is caused mainly by the exhaust fumes from the automobiles of commuting motorists. In this paradoxical situation interest has increased, for a number of reasons, in bringing the home and work-place closer together. Industry would like to locate closer to its markets and to its labor pool. The worker would like a shorter journey to work, provided the amenity of his home is not affected. The suburban municipality, burdened by the costs of residential development would like to attract industry to strengthen its tax base. The planned industrial district appears to be the most promising tool to accomplish all these aims. A planned industrial district is essentially an industrial site which is subdivided and developed according to a comprehensive plan for the use of a community of industries, with streets, railway spurs, and utilities either readily available or installed before the sites are sold or leased to prospective occupants. Usually the district is under one management and the type of tenant admissible is restricted by covenant. Planned industrial districts in Britain and North America date from the end of the 19th century. In Britain planned industrial districts have been used by the State to control the location of industry in order to develop the depressed areas. 5ince World War II they have been used to accommodate industry in the New Towns. In America the majority developed since World War II and are frequently sponsored by railr [...]
doi:10.14288/1.0302537 fatcat:6g2g5smq5ja7zbb6zwlqis42jq