Effects of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Kinase 2 (CAMKK2): A Comprehensive Study

Zoya Khalid, Omar Almaghrabi, Emil Alexov
2020 Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine  
Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CAMKK2) is a protein kinase that belongs to the serine/threonine kinase family. It phosphorylates kinases like CAMK1, CAMK2, and AMP, and this signaling cascade is involved in various biological processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis, and proliferation. Also, the CAMKK2 signaling activity is required for the healthy activity of the brain which otherwise can cause diseases like bipolar disorders and anxiety. The current study is based on
more » ... silico bioinformatics analysis that combines sequence- and structure-based predictions to mark a SNP as damaging or neutral. The combined results from sequence-based, evolutionary conservation-based, and consensus-based tools have predicted a total of 18 nsSNPs as deleterious, and these nsSNPs were further subjected to structure-based analysis. The six mutant models of V195A, V249M, R311C, F366Y, P389T, and W445C showed a higher deviation from the wildtype protein model and hence were further taken for docking studies. The molecular docking analysis has predicted that these mutations will also be disruptive to the protein-protein interactions between CAMKK2 and PRKAG1 which will create an evident reduction in the kinase activity. The current study has enlightened us that a few of the significant mutations are prime candidates in CAMKK2 which could be the fundamental cause of various bipolar and psychiatric disorders. This is the first detailed study that predicts the deleterious nsSNPs in CAMKK2 and contributes positively in providing a better understanding of disease mechanisms.
doi:10.1155/2020/7419512 pmid:33082841 pmcid:PMC7559224 fatcat:x7eoqpucx5fiznkzcuhpmrtgay