Use of bimodal coherence to resolve the permutation problem in convolutive BSS

Qingju Liu, Wenwu Wang, Philip Jackson
2012 Signal Processing  
Recent studies show that facial information contained in visual speech can be helpful for the performance enhancement of audio-only blind source separation (BSS) algorithms. Such information is exploited through the statistical characterization of the coherence between the audio and visual speech using, e.g., a Gaussian mixture model (GMM). In this paper, we present three contributions. With the synchronized features, we propose an adapted expectation maximization (AEM) algorithm to model the
more » ... diovisual coherence in the off-line training process. To improve the accuracy of this coherence model, we use a frame selection scheme to discard nonstationary features. Then with the coherence maximization technique, we develop a new sorting method to solve the permutation problem in the frequency domain. We test our algorithm on a multimodal speech database composed of different combinations of vowels and consonants. The experimental results show that our proposed algorithm outperforms traditional audio-only BSS, which confirms the benefit of using visual speech to assist in separation of the audio.
doi:10.1016/j.sigpro.2011.11.007 fatcat:pq455md5ajbcheto7duulg5avq