Role of Wild-type p53 in Apoptotic and Non-Apoptotic Cell Death Induced by X-irradiation and Heat Treatment in p53-mutated Mouse M10 Cells

Atsushi ITO, Hisako NAKANO, Kunio SHINOHARA
2010 Journal of Radiation Research  
p53/Transfection/M10/Apoptosis/Necrosis. The sensitizing effects of wild-type p53 on X-ray-induced cell death and on heat-induced apoptosis in M10, a radiosensitive and Trp53 (mouse p53 gene)-mutated lymphoma cell line which dies through necrosis by X-irradiation, were investigated using three M10 derived transfectants with wild-type TP53 (human p53 gene). Cell death was determined by colony formation and/or dye exclusion test, and apoptosis was detected as the changes in nuclear morphology by
more » ... lear morphology by Giemsa staining. Expression of wild-type p53 protein increased radiosensitivity of cell death as determined by both clonogenic and dye exclusion assays. This increase in radiosensitivity was attributable largely to apoptosis induction in addition to a small enhancement of necrosis. Interestingly neither pathway to cell death was accompanied by caspase-3 activation. On the other hand, heat-induced caspase-3 dependent apoptotic cell death without transfection was further increased by the transfection of wild-type p53. In conclusion, the introduction of wild-type p53 enhanced apoptotic cell death by X-rays or heat via different mechanisms that do or do not activate caspase-3, respectively. In addition, p53 also enhanced the X-ray-induced necrosis in M10 cells.
doi:10.1269/jrr.10056 pmid:20972365 fatcat:hrd5pirutbbvnit4kmkf6ivwku