Human health risk assessment of Agent orange/dioxin from contaminated soil in A Luoi district in central Vietnam

Thi Hai Le Le
2018
During the US – Vietnam War (1961 – 1972), Vietnam was subjected to widespread spraying of the chemical herbicide that is also called Agent Orange containing the most toxic dioxin congener, of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo(p)dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD). A Luoi district belongs to Thua Thien-Hue province, located in the western part of the North Central coast region of Vietnam. During the Ranch Hand campaign (1965 -1970), A Luoi was heavily sprayed with this herbicide. In order to assess potential human
more » ... ealth risks for people due to 2,3,7,8-TCDD exposure from contaminated soil, more than 50 soil samples were collected in A Luoi district area in 2013 and 2014 to determine dioxin concentrations by HRGC/HRMS. Human health risk assessment was applied using internationally recognized approaches. Hazard Quotient (HQ) values, assuming 2,3,7,8-TCDD to be a threshold contaminant, were calculated to be 13.2 and 6.1; and Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk (ILCTR) values, assuming 2,3,7,8-TCDD to be carcinogenic non threshold, were 0.00314 and 0.00627 for adults and children, respectively. These results from exposures in A Luoi show risk values, which are several hundred times higher than acceptable TRVs. The results of this study indicate that, although the war ended nearly 50 years ago, communities living in A Luoi are still at risk of residual dioxin exposure from soils contaminated. Therefore, risk management and mitigation measures are needed, including targeted soil remediation and provision of improved medical and health systems. To our knowledge, this is the first human health risk assessment (HRRA) study in areas sprayed by herbicides during the war in Vietnam. Trong thời kỳ chiến tranh giữa Mỹ và Việt Nam (1961 - 1972), Việt Nam phải hứng chịu một lượng lớn chất diệt cỏ còn gọi là chất Da cam, trong đó chứa chất hóa học siêu độc 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo (p) dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD). Huyện A Lưới thuộc tỉnh Thừa Thiên-Huế, nằm ở phía tây của vùng duyên hải Bắc Trung Bộ Việt Nam. Trong chiến dịch Ranch Hand (1965-1970), huyện A [...]
doi:10.13141/jve.vol9.no3.pp118-122 fatcat:qycrteg2cnebpbupfzly75sfrq