The Association between Hypoalbuminemia and Intradialytic Hypotension in Heamodialysis Patients
The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine
hypoalbuminemia is an important risk factor of hypotension during hemodialysis and progressive left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Aim of the study: this study was done to evaluate the relationship between serum albumin and intradialytic hypotension (IDH) and cardiac functions. Patients and Methods: forty patients on regular hemodialysis (HD) were included in the present study. They have been divided into two groups; Group 1: Patients of this group
... f this group developed recurrent attacks of IDH and Group 2: Patients of this group not developed IDH. The patients have been classified again according to serum albumin level into two groups; Group A: Hypoalbuminemic patients and Group B: Non-hypoalbuminemic patients. Data collected from each patient included: (1) Demographic features (age, gender) and clinical features (blood pressure changes during session, ultrafiltration rate, cardiothoracic ratio, duration of dialysis and Kt/V); (2) Blood chemistry (creatinine, urea, hemoglobin, hematocrit value, total proteins, albumin, triglycerides, cholesterol, AST, ALT, Kt/V, and fasting blood sugar); and (3) Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular geometry. Results: there was a significant negative correlation between serum albumin and Delta BP in HD patients. Also we found no significant changes in cardiac functions among different studied groups. Conclusion: We concluded that there was a relationship between low serum albumin and intradialytic hypotention and cardiac functions in CKD patients undergoing HD. Recommendations: Regular assessment of serum albumin is mandatory for all HD patients.