Aggravation of Galactosamine Hepatotoxicity by Albumin in Rats

Masako Imaoka, Michiyuki Kato, Megumi Tamanaka, Hiroyuki Hattori, Sunao Manabe
2008 Journal of Toxicologic Pathology  
The effect of rat albumin (RALB) on D-galactosamine (GalN) hepatotoxicity was investigated in male Crl:CD(SD) rats aged 6 weeks. The animals were divided into control, RALB, GalN, and RALB + GalN groups. GalN (800 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered immediately after an intravenous injection of RALB (100 mg/kg). The animals were euthanized 6 or 24 h later and subjected to laboratory investigations and histological examinations of the liver. Furthermore, in order to determine the
more » ... ng factors of the effect on the hepatotoxicity, intra-and intergroup comparisons were made between liver-injured and normal animals for parameters showing marked fluctuations at 6 h post-dosing. As a result, RALB induced fluctuations in many parameters, but no histological changes were observed in the liver at both 6 and 24 h. GalN induced mild or moderate hepatocyte necrosis (necrosis and/or apoptosis of hepatocytes) at 6 and 24 h, respectively, accompanied by increases in the serum ALT and AST levels. Concurrent administration of RALB with GalN markedly aggravated the GalN-induced hepatotoxicity, as shown by severe hepatocyte necrosis accompanied by further increases in the serum ALT, AST, and T-BIL levels in the surviving animals at 6 and 24 h, and by very severe hepatocyte necrosis with congestion in the dead animals. Moreover, serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) level was also increased at 6 h in the RALB + GalN group, but not in the RALB or GalN alone groups. In conclusion, RALB was shown to aggravate GalN hepatotoxicity in rats, and the increased serum TNFα level is considered to be a contributing factor of the aggravation. (J Toxicol Pathol 2008; 21: 175-183)
doi:10.1293/tox.21.175 fatcat:bh6ursd6avexledlmc5prgo3ka