Smectic behaviour of methyl 4-alkoxybenzoates with a partially fluorinated alkyl chain

Sylwia Ciastek, Katarzyna Szymańska, Piotr Kaszyński, Marcin Jasiński, Damian Pociecha
2017 Figshare  
A series of 4-alkoxybenzoic acids 1[m,n] and their methyl esters 2[m,n] containing a partially fluorinated alkyl chain was prepared and their physical properties were investigated by optical, thermal and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods. The former exhibits an SmC phase, while the latter form an SmA phase. XRD analysis indicated liquid-like character of the linking alkyl chains, and showed a decreasing layer thermal expansion coefficient from positive to negative upon increasing the
more » ... of fluorination. The new esters 2[m,n] expanded the series and permitted analysis of trends in thermal stability of the SmA phase. The results demonstrate that the SmA–I transition temperature increases by about +20 K per CF2CF2 unit, and is destabilised by –5.6 K upon extending the hydrocarbon part by each CH2CH2 group. Data for the expanded series 2[m,n] were used for comparative analysis of mesogenic behaviour in two other series of derivatives of 1[m,n]. Synthetic methods for 1[m,n] and 2[m,n] are reviewed.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4738504.v1 fatcat:fpokrl5uuvgebft7el66hrenea