Impact of Diabetic Ketoacidosis on Thyroid Function in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

Yuling Xing, Jinhu Chen, Guangyao Song, Liying Zhao, Huijuan Ma, Ma gorzata Kotula Balak
2021 International Journal of Endocrinology  
Background. Changes in thyroid function in diabetes patients who developed diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) still need to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data on the relationship between thyroid function and DKA in diabetes patients who developed DKA. Methods. Electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and China Academic Journal Full-text Database (CNKI)) were searched systematically to search relevant literature before December 2020.
more » ... mean ± standard deviation and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used for evaluation, and sensitivity analysis was performed. Publication bias was estimated by funnel plot, Egger's test, and Begger's test. Results. 29 studies were included in the meta-analysis, and the indicators (T4, T3, FT3, FT4, TSH, T3RU, and rT3) of patients with DKA were compared and analyzed. The results of this study showed that the levels of T4, T3, FT3, FT4, and TSH were decreased and the level of rT3 was increased in patients with DKA. Compared with after treatment, the levels of T4, T3, FT3, and FT4 in patients with DKA were decreased before treatment, while the levels of rT3 were increased, and there was no significant difference in changes of TSH. With the aggravation of DKA, the levels of T4, T3, FT3, and FT4 will further decrease, while the changes of TSH have no statistical difference. Conclusion. Thyroid function changed in diabetic patients with DKA. It changed with the severity of DKA. This condition may be transient, preceding further recovery of DKA.
doi:10.1155/2021/2421091 pmid:34188679 pmcid:PMC8192218 fatcat:2yobdlqwojdt5iundhpihziws4