Seeding Indian Ricegrass in an Arid Environment in the Great Basin

James A. Young, Robert R. Blank, William S. Longland, Debra E. Palmquist
1994 Journal of range management  
Authors are range scientist, soil scientist, animal ecologist, and mathematician/statistician, respectively, USDA-ARS, 920 Valley Road, Rena, Nev. 89512. Abstract Indian rlcegrass [Oryzopsis t?ymenoides (R. & S.) Ricker] is a valuable forage species adapted to arid rangelands in temperate deserts. The purpose of this study was to test the influence of seeding-date, depth, and rate on Indian ricegrass emergence and seedling establishment of acid scarified and intact caryopses (seeds). The
more » ... (seeds). The seeding experiments were conducted on a wind eroding sand sheet of Lahontan age in western Nevada. During the initial year of planting, seeds of the cultivars Nezpar and Paloma Indian ricegrass were successfully established without pretreatment by acid scarification. Acid scarified seeds did not result in the established seedling stands ln the field. Initial seedings were done in a season with prolonged moisture events with total precipitation about twice the average. Seedling stands of crested wheatgrass [Agropyron desertorum (Fisch.) ex Link Schult] as well as other exotic and native herbaceous and woody species were established during the first year. During the next 4 years crested wheatgrass seedlings were never again established. Indian ricegrass seedlings were established in 3 of the 4 subsequent years of seeding trials using a seeding rate of 0.8 seeds/cm of row and a seeding depth of 1 cm. Indian rlcegrass seedling emergence was increased by either increasing the planting depth to 5 cm or by reducing the seeding rate to 0.03 seeds/cm of row. The ultra-low seeding rate resulted in a signiflcant saving in seed cost.
doi:10.2307/4002831 fatcat:k4ffdsw3czfjhktjd2eyel5qcm