Radio Emission from a Young Supernova Remnant Interacting with an Interstellar Cloud: Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation with Relativistic Electrons
We present two-dimensional MHD simulations of the evolution of a young Type Ia supernova remnant during its interaction with an interstellar cloud of comparable size at impact. We include for the first time in such simulations explicit relativistic electron transport, including spectral information using a simple but effective scheme that follows their acceleration at shocks and subsequent transport. From this information we also model radio synchrotron emission, including spectra. The
... conclusions from these experiments are: 1) Independent of the cloud interaction, the SNR reverse shock can be an efficient site for particle acceleration in a young SNR. 2) At these early times the synchrotron spectral index due to electrons accelerated at the primary shocks should be close to 0.5 unless those shocks are modified by cosmic-ray pressures. However, interaction with the cloud generates regions of distinctly steeper spectra, which may complicate interpretation in terms of global dynamical models for SNR evolution. 3) The internal motions within the SNR become highly turbulent following the cloud interaction. 4) An initially uniform interstellar magnetic field is preferentially amplified along the magnetic equator of the SNR, primarily due to biased amplification by instabilities. Independent of the external field configuration, there is a net radial direction to this field inside the SNR. 5) Filamentary radio structures correlate well with magnetic filaments, while diffuse emission follows the electron distribution. 6) Interaction with the cloud enhances both the electron population and the radio emission.