HAVE: Detecting Atomicity Violations via Integrated Dynamic and Static Analysis [chapter]

Qichang Chen, Liqiang Wang, Zijiang Yang, Scott D. Stoller
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The reality of multi-core hardware has made concurrent programs pervasive. Unfortunately, writing correct concurrent programs is difficult. Atomicity violation, which is caused by concurrently executing code unexpectedly violating the atomicity of a code segment, is one of the most common concurrency errors. However, atomicity violations are hard to find using traditional testing and debugging techniques. This paper presents a hybrid approach that integrates static and dynamic analyses to
more » ... this problem. We first perform static analysis to obtain summaries of synchronizations and accesses to shared variables. The static summaries are then instantiated with runtime values during dynamic executions to speculatively approximate the behaviors of branches that are not taken. Compared to dynamic analysis, the hybrid approach is able to detect atomicity violations in unexecuted parts of the code. Compared to static analysis, the hybrid approach produces fewer false alarms. We implemented this hybrid analysis in a tool called HAVE that detects atomicity violations in multi-threaded Java programs. Experiments on several benchmarks and real-world applications demonstrate promising results.
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-00593-0_30 fatcat:gky7l3mgaba4xfmu6cehi3hrve