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Introduction As a result of questions of ethnic identity, Pakistan has had enormous difficulty in developing a coherent sense of nationhood. Religion has polarized more than unified societies. Even within a single religious denomination one may find numerous strands. Doctrinal differences, political contestation for power, material gains and territorial space can make the particular religion and the question of authenticity one of great dispute. 1 Complex historical and social factors havefatcat:no5hrqcverfazkvcw4ig2jfbdu