Quantitative Comparison of Direct Current Shunt and Series Motors Speed Control Methods

P. I. Obi, Osita Opua, C. A. Okeke, G. C. Diyoke, I. K. Onwu
2018 European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science  
The desired speed of DC motors in most cases is a function of the intending usage, hence, the speed is continually regulated/controlled to suit different usage. Three basic methods are employed in the speed control; the quantitative comparison of these methods was investigated in this paper. For shunt and series motors delivering 11.07Hp and 13.94Hp respectively (at rated speed), the efficiencies were 84.43% and 90.22% with running cost of ₦246.00 and ₦276.00 respectively. Increasing the shunt
more » ... creasing the shunt motor speed by reducing armature resistance (armature control) reduces the running cost but increases the efficiency from its original values to ₦238.70 and 82.89% respectively at 0.6 of the rated armature resistance; decreasing the speed of the motor by this means decreases efficiency and increases running cost. However, increasing the motor speed by decreasing the armature resistance for series dc motors decreases efficiency and also increases running cost, with 0.6 of rated armature resistance used, the efficiency dropped to 83.15% while running cost went up to ₦299.47. But decreasing the series motor speed increases efficiency and reduces running cost.
doi:10.24018/ejece.2018.2.5.30 fatcat:hhy7njku3jck5on6ztak2ntfa4