Stochastic phase slips in toroidal Bose-Einstein condensates

Kyrylo Snizhko, Karyna Isaieva, Yevhenii Kuriatnikov, Yuriy Bidasyuk, Stanislav Vilchinskii, Alexander Yakimenko
2016 Physical Review A  
Motivated by recent experiments we study the influence of thermal noise on the phase slips in toroidal Bose-Einstein condensates with a rotating weak link. We derive a generalized Arrhenius-like expression for the rate of stochastic phase slips. We develop a method to estimate the energy barrier separating different superflow states. The parameters at which the energy barrier disappears agree with the critical parameters for deterministic phase slips obtained from dynamics simulations, which
more » ... firms the validity of our energetic analysis. We reveal that adding thermal noise lowers the phase-slip threshold. However, the quantitative impact of the stochastic phase slips turns out to be too small to explain the significant discrepancy between theoretical and the experimental results.
doi:10.1103/physreva.94.063642 fatcat:fgef3ztznrhhtivyc4fi6u32fq