Development of a 30 cm-cube Electron-Tracking Compton Camera for the SMILE-II Experiment

Y Mizumura, T Tanimori, H Kubo, A Takada, J D Parker, T Mizumoto, S Sonoda, D Tomono, T Sawano, K Nakamura, Y Matsuoka, S Komura (+7 others)
2014 Journal of Instrumentation  
To explore the sub-MeV/MeV gamma-ray window for astronomy, we have developed the Electron-Tracking Compton Camera (ETCC), and carried out the first performance test at room condition using several gamma-ray sources in the sub-MeV energy band. Using a simple track analysis for a quick first test of the performance, the gamma-ray imaging capability was demonstrated by clear images and 5.3 degrees of angular resolution measure (ARM) measured at 662 keV. As the greatest impact of this work, a
more » ... ray detection efficiency on the order of 10^-4 was achieved at the sub-MeV gamma-ray band, which is one order of magnitude higher than our previous experiment. This angular resolution and detection efficiency enables us to detect the Crab Nebula at the 5 sigma level with several hours observation at balloon altitude in middle latitude. Furthermore, good consistency of efficiencies between this performance test and simulation including only physical processes has a large importance; it means we achieve nearly 100 estimation of enhancements by upgrades of the detector is more dependable. We are planning to confirm the imaging capability of the ETCC by observation of celestial objects in the SMILE-II (Sub-MeV gamma ray Imaging Loaded-on-balloon Experiment II). The SMILE-II and following SMILE-III project will be an important key of sub-MeV/MeV gamma-ray astronomy.
doi:10.1088/1748-0221/9/05/c05045 fatcat:a552pqyquvbkteu7dwc4fhgeue