SOCIAL CLUSTERS – OPEN SPACE FOR SOCIAL INNOVATIONS DEVELOPMENT

Bogusław BEMBENEK, Katarzyna KOWALSKA
2015 Humanities and Social Sciences quarterly  
The aim of this article was to show the characteristics of the social clusters role in solving social problems, includeing the development of social innovations, which can meet nowadays and futire social needs. The article is based on the results of theoretical research and desk research. It consists of three parts, describing the essence of social clusters, selected experiences and good practices of NGOs encouraging social cluster initiatives in Poland and the process of co-creation of social
more » ... nnovation among social clusters. This type of clusters is inspired by the model of corporate (business) clusters and its concept is still developing. It can be defined as the concentration of entities in a given space, representing non-governmental organizations (NGOs), businesses, universities and public administration, that work together to achieve common social goals. The authors emphasize that social clusters provide excellent conditions for the development of social innovation. They indicate that those conditions depend on a number of factors, including mutual, formal and informal relationships based on trust and commitment among cluster partners. Furthermore, they admit that despite the importance of social clusters for the social economy, especially in the creation and diffusion of social innovation, Poland still lacks a systemic approach to the promotion and development of such structures.
doi:10.7862/rz.2015.hss.45 fatcat:ndlmowbvjnavhd6sel26zkdmp4