Parental Socio-Economic Status and Students' Academic Achievement in Selected Secondary Schools in Urban Informal Settlements in Westlands Division, Nairobi County
This study sought to investigate critical parental socioeconomic factors affecting the academic achievement of students in selected secondary schools in urban informal settlements in Westlands District in Nairobi County. The study was premised on the classical Liberal Theory of Equal Opportunity and social Darwinism proposed by Charles Darwin. A descriptive survey design using a sample of 125 respondents comprising of 91 students, 18 teachers and 16 parents was used for the study. The tools for
... tudy. The tools for data collection were questionnaires for students, Focus Group Discussions for teachers and Interview schedules for parents. Quantitative data from the questionnaires was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics while the qualitative data from interviews was managed through thematic techniques. The major findings of the study were that; the physical and other critical instructional resources were grossly inadequate or in a pathetic condition not conducive to education provision, there was a strong non-significant negative correlation between the occupation of parents and ability to finance education, that there is a significant positive correlation between good parent-teacher relationship and their involvement in their children's academic achievement. It was concluded that, parental occupation and involvement in learning activities and effective parent-teacher relationship were facilitating factors. Parents' low ability to finance education, coupled with the poor status of physical and instructional resources were inhibiting factors to students' academic achievement in the study locale. It was therefore recommended that the government should strengthen the collaboration between key education development partners to mobilize physical teaching/learning resources and strengthen education in the region. Unemployment should be controlled; poor students should be provided scholarships and that the government should take steps to raise socioeconomic status of people.