In Vivo Confocal Microscopy Analysis of the Corneal Layers in Adenoviral Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis

Sevgi Subaşı, Nurşen Yüksel, Müge Toprak, Büşra Yılmaz Tuğan
2018 Türk Oftalmoloji Dergisi  
Objectives: To describe the clinical features and microstructural characteristics assessed by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in patients with adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). Materials and Methods: The study included 20 eyes of 12 patients who presented to the Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Department of Ophthalmology with complaints of watering, crusting, and stinging, were clinically diagnosed EKC, and were examined by slit-lamp biomicroscopy and IVCM during the
more » ... al phase and the punctate keratitis, deep epithelial keratitis, and subepithelial infiltration stages of EKC. Results: While biomicroscopic examination findings were normal during the prodromal period of EKC, IVCM showed an increase in Langerhans cell numbers in the subbasal plexus. After onset of clinical EKC, the punctate epithelial keratitis stage was characterized by findings of hyperreflective cell clusters in the basal epithelium layer, increased accumulation of Langerhans cells in Bowman's layer, and hyperreflectivity in the anterior stromal layers. In the deep epithelial keratitis stage, the basal epithelial cells displayed peripheral hyperreflectivity and the hyperreflectivity of the anterior stromal surface increased and became more rounded. In the subepithelial keratitis stage, these findings persisted in addition to increased anterior stromal surface hyperreflectivity and focal round plaques. Conclusion: This study shows that the inflammatory process in the cornea starts in the prodromal period of EKC. Massive inflammation of the epithelium and stroma was observed in the active phase and focal changes were observed on the anterior stromal surface starting in the subepithelial infiltration period. Abstract
doi:10.4274/tjo.59251 fatcat:s3xnj3lob5daxg5pb5rahejzc4