Sustainability on the urban scale: Proposal of a structure of indicators for the Spanish context

Marta Braulio-Gonzalo, María Dolores Bovea, María José Ruá
2015 Environmental impact assessment review  
Some efforts to assess sustainability on the urban scale have been made and different tools for measuring the impact on and caused by cities have emerged. However, the sustainability concept varies from region to region, and indicators to measure it should be suitable for the context-specific conditions of the region under study. After doing a comprehensive review of the indicators included in 13 tools developed to assess urban sustainability of cities, this article proposes a new structure of
more » ... ndicators adapted to a Mediterranean city in Spain. The proposed structure is based on a two-level scheme that consists in 14 categories and 63 subcategories, which agglutinate urban sustainability indicators according to their purpose. This structure suggests a set of comprehensible qualitative and quantitative indicators that are easily applicable on neighbourhood or city scales. Given the similar features of Mediterranean countries in terms of environmental and socio-economic aspects, the proposed structure could be extrapolated to other countries with climatic and cultural similarities. Otherwise, the system is a useful tool in the decisionmaking process to help the different stakeholders involved in new urban developments and regeneration projects in existing neighbourhoods, such as developers, urban planners and public administrations. Keywords built environment; urban sustainability; assessment tool; urban indicator Highlights  Comprehensive review of 13 urban sustainability assessment tools  Proposal of a two-level structure to cluster urban sustainability indicators  Inclusion of sustainability criteria for urban planning projects and interventions Selection and description of the neighbourhood sustainability assessment tools under study Considering the literature review done, thirteen tools have been selected and analysed in depth in order to propose a common structure for the classification of sustainable urban indicators. Territorial (international, national and regional scale) and temporal (from 2005 to the present-day) criteria have been taken into account to choose the tools. Three tools were selected at the international level, which are universally applicable (BREEAM Communities, LEED ND and CASBEE UD); two ad hoc developed tools at the European level (ECOCITY and Le Modele INDI-RU 2005, European Union (EU) projects); two other relevant and more recent EU-projects (BRIDGE and KITCASP) and five sets of indicators developed in Spain
doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2015.03.002 fatcat:edc2up5kvfaa5fultd6mq55wre