Financing economic growth and development in Jamaica : 1960-1992

Bernard F.C. La Corbinière
2021
This thesis analyses the financing of economics growth and development in Jamaica during the period 1960-1992. In so doing, sources of both domestic and foreign finance are considered. Three main questions are examined. Firstly, the effects of financial liberalisation on the real economy are analysed and the predictions of financial liberalisation models evaluated. Secondly, the impact of external debt on domestic savings, investment and growth and the question of whether or not debt
more » ... n destabilizes the balances of payments, are considered. Thirdly, the effects of foreign capital inflows and outflows including capital flight, on the domestic economy as well as the extent to which economic growth is constrained by the balance of payments, are examined. Chapter one deals with the financial and economic performances of Jamaica between 1960 and 1992. Three sub-periods are identified: the years of steady growth from 1960 to 1972; the period of prolonged crisis between 1973 and 1980, and the years of faltering recovery, 1981-1992. The social and economic policies of the various political administrations which governed Jamaica, as well as the role of the IMF and World Bank are explored in identifying some of the root causes of Jamaica's economic situation. Chapter two examines the theory of financial liberalisation, the main hypotheses of which are tested in chapters three and four. Chapter three analyses the role of the real interest rate, the effect of reserve requirements on credit availability, and the impact of financial deepening on savings, investment and growth in Jamaica. Chapter four considers the effects of inflation on real and financial variables and the effects of government expansion on private sector access to bank resources, private investment and economic growth. The net effect of capital inflows on economic growth, taking into account capital outflows, is considered in chapter five, as is the effect of capital flows on saving and investment. Chapter six considers the question of whether long [...]
doi:10.22024/unikent/01.02.85978 fatcat:fcaxwielcbfhrgdqtmmug3clki