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People learn more deeply from words and graphics than from words alone. This assertion can be called the multimedia principle, and it forms the basis for using multimedia instruction-that is, instruction containing words (such as spoken text or printed text) and graphics (such as illustrations, charts, photos, animation, or video) that is intended to foster learning (Mayer, 2009). For example, Figure 1 shows frames from a narrated animation on how a tire pump works. In this case the words arefatcat:vq7xhpb6sfginkh4ud6a56oxle