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The aim of this manuscript is to summarize the differences between epidemiology and clinical epidemiology; as well as the following concepts: epidemiological object, method and epidemiological strategy ... Meanwhile, clinical epidemiology is the application of epidemiological principles and methods to problems in clinical practice; and its purpose is to promote methods of observation and interpretation that ... The aim of this manuscript is to summarize the differences between epidemiology and clinical epidemiology; as well as the following concepts: epidemiological object, method and epidemiological strategy ...doi:10.32457/ijmss.2015.007 fatcat:uq6nmt57vbgwviw7b2we5jtrpe
Meta-meta-epidemiology involves larger and probably more representative collections of meta-analyses than meta-epidemiology or network meta-epidemiology. ... More recently, meta-meta-epidemiology, which combines data from several meta-epidemiological studies, has been developed. 2, 3 In this issue of the journal, Chaimani et al. 4 propose network meta-epidemiology ...doi:10.1093/ije/dyt137 pmid:23887205 fatcat:ovqv2ejkcneobcgvelqknhexcu
pmid:20787075 pmcid:PMC2052263 fatcat:lb5nqqtg7naelnvywu7vzgkkne
Table 2 .1 shows a summary of major epidemiologic studies. ... Data related to the epidemiology in different ethnicities suggest a 2.7-fold increased risk associated with black race  . ...doi:10.1007/978-3-030-13864-6_2 fatcat:rbv25bzdejho7fanght4rrfvsm
EPIDEMIOLOGY. -EB. & W. Week to Feb.8: Measles 17258 (cf. 20627:19'*5), sc&rlet 1130, pertussis 1842, diphth. 233, pnoumonia 1583, c.s.f. 94, . ...doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4494.2-b fatcat:wldx3l2warezhigudxqwnx3qkq
of 20 patients with suspected typhoid admitted to Coppett's Wood Hospital from Friern Barnet psychiatric hospital 16 had clinical typhoid. Of these, two had typhoid organisms in the stool and two more showed Widal reactions in diagnostic titres. Inquiries into the precise cause of the outbreak were continuing. Immunization against Poliomyelitis While no vaccination can be regarded as entirely devoid of risk, the likelihood of poliomyelitis induced by oral vaccines is so small that it would bepmid:20790683 pmcid:PMC1846042 fatcat:huwpai3tvzdpbopqjh6ljk7gv4
more »... that it would be unjustifiable to place any restriction pn the programme at present recommended in Britain. This is the conclusion of the Ministry of Health's subcommittee on poliomyelitis vaccination. It reached it after studying the paper by D. L. Miller and N. S. Galbraith (Brit. med. 7., 1965, 2, 504) and other evidence. The subcommittee also has agreed that: (a) The recommendation contained in the booklet Active Immunization Against Infectious Disease that an interval of three weeks should be allowed after a dose of oral vaccine before any other immunizing procedure is undertaken could no longer be sustained, and should be withdrawn. (b) The simultaneous administration of oral poliomyelitis vaccine with triple vaccine for primary immunization or with diphtheria and tetanus vaccine at school entry could be recommended at the discretion of the doctor concerned. (c) Alternatively, a single dose of vaccine incorporating potent inactivated poliovirus antigens, diphtheria toxoid, and tetanus toxoid would provide adequate reinforcement at school entry to children who had received primary immunization against these diseases in infancy. (d) There was no need to delay tonsillectomy, when this operation was indicated, because of the season of the year or because of recent administration of oral vaccine. Eire in First Quarter The birth rate for the first quarter of 1965 in Eire was 21.3 per 1,000 population and was 0.1 above the rate for the preceding first quarter. The infant mortality rate was 25 and the neonatal mortality rate was 17 per 1,000 registered births; these rates were 4 and 3, respectively, less than in the first quarter of 1964 and were the lowest rates recorded in a first quarter. The death rate was 13.0 per 1,000 population, being 0.5 above the rate for the preceding first quarter but 1.7 below the average for first quarters in the five previous years. Deaths from respiratory tuberculosis numbered 91 and from other forms of tuberculosis 4. These were 28 and 2, respectively, fewer than in the preceding first quarter. Deaths from the principal infectious diseases included 55 from influenza, 17 from gastro-enteritis under 2 years, and one each from diphtheria, measles, and meningococcal infections. Malignant growths accounted for 1,245 deaths, of which 570, 46%, were neoplasms of the digestive system and 193, 16%, neoplasms of the respiratory system. Scotland in First Quarter The birth rate in Scotland for the first quarter of 1965 was 20.1 per 1,000 population and was 0.1 below the rate for the preceding first quarter. The infant mortality rate was 24 and the neonatal mortality rate was 15 per 1,000 registered births ; these were 3 and 2, respectively, below the rates for the corresponding quarter of 1964 and were the lowest ever recorded in a March quarter. The stillbirth rate was 20 per 1,000 total births and was the same as the rate in the preceding first quarter. The death rate was 13.9 per 1,000 population and was 1.2 above that in the March quarter of 1964 but 0.3 below the average of the five preceding first quarters. Deaths from respiratory tuberculosis numbered 102 and from other forms of tuberculosis 10. These deaths were 7 more and 6 fewer, respectively, than in the first quarter of 1964. 2,964 deaths were attributed to malignant neoplasms, 42 fewer than in the preceding March quarter. The number of deaths from malignant neoplasms of the respiratory system increased by 18 to a total of 784. Deaths from heart disease numbered 6,126, an increase of 680 compared with the first quarter of 1964. 187 deaths were due to motor-vehicle accidents and 364 deaths resulted from accidents in the home; these totals were 13 fewer and 5 more than in the preceding first quarter.
pmid:20790158 pmcid:PMC1814389 fatcat:kfyyymbwyncnxcwzgbviewkclq
Population-based epidemiological data on this particular patient group is lacking in Chinese. ... The management of CNS tumors in children below the age of three represents special challenge to pediatric oncologists with distinctive epidemiology, treatment considerations and prognosis. ... DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LOW-GRADE GLIAL EP-012. ...doi:10.1093/neuonc/nou069 fatcat:2k7ffxnzjjc6rfcdw333dsintu
pmid:20790583 pmcid:PMC1845329 fatcat:rmcp7zb7gnhh5hzxpmrx2co5ii
pmid:20790818 pmcid:PMC1843383 fatcat:fb33kcrdbndgrfuf7g4zc5iptq
Except for the curves showing notifications in 1963, the graphs were prepared at the Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. ...doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5369.1415 fatcat:jyl5rnegj5hyzihr2ixessqulq
1954-62 are shown thus-,---the figures for 1963 thus Except for 120 the curves showing notifications in 1963, the graphs were prepared at the Department 00 of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology ...doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5366.1210 fatcat:dx2pmcy4n5fffn7zlrpqul7hx4
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