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Geographical based variations in white truffle Tuber magnatum truffle aroma is explained by quantitative differences in key volatile compounds [article]

Jun Niimi, Aurelie Deveau, Richard Splivallo
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The factors that vary the aroma of Tuber magnatum fruiting bodies are poorly understood. The study determined the headspace aroma composition, sensory aroma profiles, maturity, and microbiome composition from T. magnatum originating from Italy, Croatia, Hungary, and Serbia, and tested if truffle aroma is dependent on provenance and if fruiting body volatiles are explained by maturity and/or microbiome composition. Headspace volatile profiles were determined by gas chromatography-mass
more » ... phy-mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O) and aroma of fruiting body extracts were sensorially assessed. Fruiting body maturity were estimated through spore melanisation. Bacterial community was determined using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Main odour active compounds were present in all truffles but varied in concentration. Aroma of truffle extracts were sensorially discriminated by sites. However, volatile profiles of individual fruiting bodies varied more within sites than across geographic area, while maturity level did not play a role. Microbiome composition varied highly and was partially explained by provenance. A few rare bacterial operational taxonomical units associated with select few non-odour active volatile compounds. Specificities of the aroma of T. magnatum truffles are more likely linked to individual properties than provenance. Some constituents of the microbiome may provide biomarkers of provenance and be linked to non-odour active volatiles.
doi:10.1101/2020.09.30.321133 fatcat:fzvgv33tv5gzfenvmfjfcq264a