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An Investigation on the Thermally Induced Compatibilization of SBR and α-Methylstyrene/Styrene Resin

Arnaud Wolf, João Paulo Cosas Fernandes, Chuanyu Yan, Reiner Dieden, Laurent Poorters, Marc Weydert, Pierre Verge
2021 Polymers  
The miscibility between two polymers such as rubbers and performance resins is crucial to achieve given targeted properties in terms of tire performances. To this aim, α-methylstyrene/styrene resin (poly(αMSt-co-St)) are used to modify the viscoelastic behavior of rubbers and to fulfill the requirements of the final applications. The initial aim of this work was to understand the influence of poly(αMSt-co-St) resins blended at different concentrations in a commercial styrene-butadiene rubber
more » ... butadiene rubber (SBR). Interestingly, while studying the viscoelastic properties of SBR blends with poly(αMSt-co-St), crosslinking of the rubber was observed under conditions where it was not expected to happen. Surprisingly, after the crosslinking reactions, the poly(αMSt-co-St) resin was irreversibly miscible with SBR at concentrations far above its immiscibility threshold. A detailed investigation involving characterization technics including solid state nuclear magnetic resonance led to the conclusion that poly(αMSt-co-St) is depolymerizing under heating and can graft onto the chains of SBR. It results in an irreversible compatibilization mechanism between the rubber and the resin.
doi:10.3390/polym13081267 pmid:33924680 fatcat:cizf7kht5jgkhawozaixyl2tji