Cancer and human liver catalase
Data presented in the present paper indicate that human liver catalase depression is related to weight loss. A statistical study was first made to determine the catalase activity in correlation of the iodotitrimetric and spectrophotometric methods for biopsy and autopsy samples from cancer and cancer-free patients. Cancer patients had a 22 per cent lower liver catalase activity than cancer-free patients. A two-by-two factorial analysis of variance comparing presence or absence of cancer and
... e of cancer and weight loss revealed that weight loss accounted for the catalase depression and that, when correc tion was made for the weight loss effect, no additional cancer effect was seen. Distribu tion of catalase in subcellular fractions was also studied and failed to show any sig nificant cancer effect but did demonstrate the relationship between weight loss and catalase depression in the soluble fraction. No effect of sex was observed, which is con sistent with Adams' observations in laboratory animals that, when the male of a species does not show an increased liver catalase as compared with female, no sig nificant depression of liver catalase is observed (2). Studies of liver catalase depression by cancers of men were pioneered in 1910 by Blumen thai and Brahn (6).