The Impact of Cultural Practices on Fighting against or for the Propagation of AIDS Pandemic in Rwanda
Ever since tests for AIDS Virus infection started more some thirty years ago, the number of infected people has kept rising 33 while training and information campaigns on the modes of transmission of the virus and on the protection methods increased. Tremendous efforts were deployed and appropriate financial means granted. How come the outcomes remain small in spite of the important means used therein? This article analyses the situation of one African country, Rwanda, where the first cases of
... the first cases of AIDS were known in 1983. Since then, the disease has been a real plague, given the number of people dying from it every day, even if the official discourse limits the number of infected people to only 3% of the population. The country has made a lot of progress in this area due to conferences, publicity clips, availing condoms, antiretroviral, etc., 34 but this is not enough. Investigations show that only 10% of the population use condoms for protection. Why the resistance? This article analyzes the alternative of cultural practices which are not always considered where the education of the people is concerned. Résumé Depuis que l'on a commencé à effectuer des tests d'infection au virus du Sida, il y a plus d'une trentaine d'années, le nombre de personnes n'a cessé d'augmenter alors que les campagnes de formation et d'information sur la manière dont se transmet le virus et sur les méthodes de protection se sont multipliées. Des efforts énormes ont été déployés et des moyens financiers conséquents ont été consentis. Pourquoi les résultats restent toujours maigres par rapport à l'importance des moyens mis dans la balance? Cet article analyse la situation d'un pays africain, le Rwanda, où les premiers cas de Sida ont été 33 The ONUSIDA Report of July 2010 states that progress was made in some countries where the rate of prevalence is falling by 25%, especially among the youth between 15 and 25 years, but we should not delude ourselves because the disease will prevail for some more time in the future. 34 The country was rewarded as it was cited second to Ethiopia as a model, during the -SIDA plus OMD‖ Summit of 22/9/2010 on healthcare accessibility.