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The Nature of Rest Silanol Groups on the Surfaces of Silica Based Solid Phase Extraction Materials

Alfred A. Christy
2013 Advanced Materials Research  
Chemically bonded solid phase materials are very important in separation chemistry. The chemically modified silica gel contains rest silanol groups that can affect the retention properties when they are used for separation of compounds. Some commercially available solid phase extraction (SPE) materials based on silica gel were analysed for rest silanol groups by near infrared spectroscopy. The combination frequency of the water molecules in the 5500- 5000 cm -1 region was used in identifying
more » ... d in identifying the nature of water molecules on the surface and the information was used to identify the types of silanol groups on the surface. Second derivative technique was employed in the detailed analysis. Nine different SPE materials including C18, C8, C6H5, NH2, OH, CN, SiOH, SA (SCX) and SB (SAX) were examined by near infrared spectroscopy for rest silanol groups. The results show that the non-polar and polar stationary phases contain vicinal silanol groups and the ion exchange solid phase materials contain free, vicinal and geminal silanol groups.
doi:10.4028/ fatcat:r3b2nexji5fefnap2vswvkut3y