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Natasha Eftimovska-Otovikj, Natasha Petkovikj, Olivera Stojceva-Taneva
2021 Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation  
Background and Aims We are uncertain about whether dialysate sodium improves overall health and well-being for people on haemodialysis, since there are a mixture of probably good and bad effects. Dialysate sodium is one of the most easy changeable parameter which can influence hemodynamic stability, echocardiography and laboratory parameters. The aim of the study was to investigate whether dialysis patients will have some beneficial effects of dialysate sodium set up according to serum sodium.
more » ... g to serum sodium. Method 77 nondiabetic subjects (41men; 36women) performed 12 months hemodialysis (HD) sessions with dialysate sodium concentration setup at 138 mmol/L, followed by additional 24 month ssessions wherein dialysate sodium was set up according to pre-HD serum sodium concentration. Interdialytic weight gain (IDWG), echocardiography, laboratory parameters and survival were analysed. Results Sodium individualization resulted in significantly lower IDWG by using individualized sodium according to pre HD serum sodium compared to standard dialysate sodium (2.17±0.79 vs 1.93±0.64 kg, p<0,001). In all patients we confirmed positive sodium gradient and univariate regression analysis showed that by increasing the sodium gradient by 1 mmol/L, IDWG increased by an average of 0.189% and 7,1% changes in IDWG can be explain by changing of the sodium gradient. Echocardiography analysis showed an increase of 2.04 mm of left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDD) by increasing the sodium gradient for 1mmol/L and significantly increased left ventricular mass (LVM) of 35.69 gr by 1kg increase of IDWG. Laboratory analysis showed statistical significant increase in Kt/V, URR (urea reduction rate), serum albumin and hemoglobin by using individualized dialysed sodium compared to standard dialysate sodium, respectively (1.50±0.24 vs 1.36±0.22; 70.80±5.24 vs 67.00±6.23%; 38.23±3.80 vs 34.46±2.53 g/L; 120.32±10.14 vs 114.62±10.34 g/L, p<0.001). We confirmed significant decrease in serum potassium, with no change in other electrolities (5.62±0.60vs 5.15±0.94). During the study, 7 patients died and binary logistic regression univariate analysis showed that significant predictors of mortality in patients dialyzed with individualized sodium dialysis according to pre-HD plasma sodium concentrations were Kt/V, URR, and CRP (C reactive protein). Analysis showed that patients with Kt/V lower than 1,2 have 8.8 times higher risk for death compared to patients with Kt/V>1,2, URR lower than 65% have 10,9 times higher risk compared to URR>65% and CRP higher than 10 mg/L have 10.2 times higher risk for death compared to patients with CRP lower than 10 mg/L Conclusion Individualization of dialysate sodium according to pre HD serum sodium concentration result in better IDWG control, improvement of fluid overload and regression of left ventricular hypertrophy, better dialysis adequacy and higher survival compared to standard dialysate sodium.
doi:10.1093/ndt/gfab097.004 fatcat:67jculr7trgljl5mriedlosso4