Correlation of anthropometric measurements with bone mineral density in south Indian population
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences
There is no data or very limited data available about the relation between anthropometric measurements like weight and height, and bone mineral density based on sex and age of South Indian population. Identifying persons at risk of sustaining osteoporotic fractures is crucial for the prevention of fracture. Therefore the present was undertaken for the identification, prevention and timely treatment of osteoporosis. The study population consisted of 350 patients (both male and female patients).
... female patients). The study was conducted during the period of January 2016 to November 2017. Patients with risk factors for osteoporosis as per WHO criteria were included for the study. Patients with Osteomyelitis, fracture, tumor pathology or trauma in bone were excluded from the study. Out of 350 patients, 110 were male subjects (31.5%) and 240 females (72.2%). Correlation analysis was used to investigate the continuous variables related with bone mineral density (BMD). Data were analyzed by means of SPSS version 16.0 using t-test and one way ANOVA. There is high prevalence of osteoporosis among men and women of this population. It can be concluded that certain anthropometric parameters (BMI and weight) can considerably affect one's risk of developing osteoporosis. Therefore, weight and BMI can be used as to screen those at risk of developing osteoporosis and its related complication.