Emotional Intelligence and Gender as Correlates of Burnout Syndrome among Nurses in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Rivers State
International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education
The study investigated emotional intelligence and gender as correlates of burnout syndrome among nurses in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Rivers State. The study used the correlational research design. The population of the study comprised of all 750 nurses in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. A sample of 300 nurses from Paediatrics Ward, Male Ward, Female Ward and Intensive Care Unit (ICU), were randomly selected using the simple random sampling technique
... mpling technique (balloting). Two instruments titled; Maslach Burnout Scale (MBS) by Maslach (1996) and Emotional Intelligence Inventory (EII) by Akinboye (2005) were used to collect data for the study. The Cronbach Alpha reliability was used to establish the internal consistency reliability coefficients of 0.87 and 0.69 respectively. Responses to the research questions were analyzed with mean and standard deviation, while the hypotheses will be tested with multiple regression associated with independent sample t-test statistics. The findings of the study revealed that emotional intelligence (self-awareness, self-management, self-motivation, social awareness, and relationship management) jointly and independently relate significantly to burnout syndrome among nurses in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital in Rivers State. The result also showed that gender relates significantly to burnout syndrome among nurses in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended among others that the Management of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital should look into the unconducive work environment of nurses and make necessary changes as this may affect not only the nurses but also other workers and patients within the hospital who are not included in this study.