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Of Kings and Criminals: Essays on Elite Violence and Economic Development [article]

Thomas Keywood, Baten, Jörg (Prof. Dr.), Universitaet Tuebingen, Universitaet Tuebingen
2020
Literature on the processes that induce economic development has yielded theories emphasising the roles of institutional design, geography, gender equality and human capital. Violence, however, has largely been treated as an outcome of development rather than a contributing factor (McIlwaine 1999; Enamorado et al. 2014). On an individual level, violence is largely driven by psychological factors, but these cannot explain regional or societal disparities. Therefore, the first of three studies in
more » ... of three studies in this dissertation contributes to the literature by finding a causal effect of elite violence on elite human capital. The inverse relationship that is derived is an important result, since human capital encourages technological innovation and is an important driver of economic growth (see Becker 1962; Mincer 1984; Acemoglu and Dell 2010; and Barro 2001). Further, this chapter also contributes to the Great Divergence debate and shows that at its origins were rooted in violence, at least to a certain degree, from as far back as the 14th century. The second chapter's chief contribution is that of the regicide indicator. Eisner's (2011) idea was heavily expanded upon in this paper as we include more than 4000 rulers from across Europe between the 6th and 19th centuries and provide a wider-ranging and longer-term indicator for violence than has been available previously. Since empirical evidence of violence from before the 19th century is only available sporadically and for parts of Western Europe, the regicide indicator opens up entirely new avenues of violence research. Europe undoubtedly has the most complete and far-reaching dynastic lists of all world regions, as well as the most detailed biographical accounts of rulers from which the regicide indicator is constructed. Nevertheless, documenting rulers has been a universal phenomenon throughout history, meaning that this chapter sets a precedent which could also be followed in future studies of other world regions and perhaps even help to explain patterns of development else [...]
doi:10.15496/publikation-40807 fatcat:mm5eprssuff7zpmmmv7ohyjzrq