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Dimensions of Variation in Multi-Pattern Reduplication

Philip Spaelti
This dissertation investigates the special phonology of reduplication. The main thesis is that all special aspects of reduplication phonology that disrupt identity between base and reduplicant, are the result of Emergence of the Unmarked (McCarthy & Prince 1994). Phenomena that are investigated include: partial reduplication, infixing reduplication, affix-polarity reversal, and fixed segmentism, among others. Some particular claims areas follows. Partial reduplication can be explained as the
more » ... explained as the emergence of rhythmic (i.e.,stress) constraints, which impose a size restriction on the reduplicant. This analysis takes the basic approach of Generalized Template Theory(McCarthy & Prince 1994, Urbancyzk 1995), but takes it further, dispensing not only with prosodic templates, but also with other morphological stipulations such as the need for 'empty' morphemes and the attendant templatic constraints. Instead partial reduplication is explained directly through the action of structure minimizing, and alignment constraints. For example syllable reduplication can be accounted for through the constraint All-Syllable-Edge, while heavy syllable (CVC) reduplication is the result of simultaneous foot and syllable size requirements. Infixing reduplication, which places the reduplicant before the main stress, can be understood as reduplication maximizing distinctness across forms by seeking the least marked base. Infixing reduplication is analyzed as an interaction between Max-BR and size restrictions, which results in a 'back-copying' effect. The analysis explains why this type of infixation is common with reduplication, but virtually non-existant with standard affixes. Reduplication which switches affix-polarity shows that the account of 'Marantz's generalization' (i.e., the fact that reduplication copies' outside-in') must be separated from the account of the directionality of affixation. The main evidence for these positions comes from languages where more than one pattern of reduplication is found. It is argued that in su [...]
doi:10.7282/t3nv9h3k fatcat:ymajyyzyvzd5vdvi5pbrm4htku