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Systemic Inflammation following Hind-Limb Ischemia-Reperfusion Affects Brain in Neonatal Mice

M. Daniela Bianco-Batlles, Alexander Sosunov, Richard A. Polin, Vadim S. Ten
2008 Developmental Neuroscience  
Antenatal and postnatal infection and inflammation are associated with neurological injury in neonates. However, no direct role for systemic inflammation in mediating neurodamage has been shown. The study was aimed to determine whether systemic inflammation following ischemiareperfusion (IR) of an organ remotely located from the brain results in cerebral injury. Neonatal mice were subjected to 2 h of hind-limb IR. At 48 h of reperfusion, brains were examined for activation of microglia and
more » ... microglia and caspase-3. Lungs were assessed for pulmonary edema and granulocyte infiltration. The levels of circulating inflammatory mediators were measured at 24 h of reperfusion. In a separate cohort of mice, changes in the cerebral and hind-limb blood flow were measured. All data were compared to that in sham mice. Compared to shams the degree of pulmonary edema in IR mice was 33% (p = 0.04) greater. This was associated with significantly (p = 0.0006) greater granulocytic infiltration and a markedly increased level of circulating cytokines. The brains of these same mice exhibited significantly (p = 0.02) greater numbers of caspase-3-immunopositive cells and activation of microglia compared to sham mice. These data indicate that systemic inflammation following IR in the organ remote from the brain can induce neuroinflammation and cerebral proapoptotic changes.
doi:10.1159/000164686 pmid:18854644 pmcid:PMC2629657 fatcat:jf6htnjr2fa3fmnofy35an5in4