An implementation study of a program supporting frailty-prevention community activities using the "Community-as-Partner" model
Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi (Japanese Journal of Public Health)
Objectives We hypothesized that the motivation for improving physical function could be increased by increasing the awareness of social role expectations among frail community-dwelling older adults through an intervention based on the Community-as-Partner (CAP) model. We also developed a program for supporting community activities to prevent frailty, utilizing the CAP model. Program feasibility was assessed by implementing it under the local government's frailty prevention service.Methods The
... rvice.Methods The CAP-based program consisted of a "learning period," a "regional issue extraction period," and a "practice period," scheduled once a week for four months. Public health nurses and/or physical therapists assisted with the program. The intervention was conducted with a cohort study of community-dwelling older adults. About 160 participants identified as frail and pre-frail on the Kihon Checklist were recruited. Program feasibility was assessed through participation rate, number of pre-frail and frail individuals, and drop-out rate; scores of a pre-post intervention questionnaire assessing the understanding of frailty and regional resources; and behavioral change stage on frailty prevention.Results A total of 42 participants were recruited (participation rate=26.3%; 25 were pre-frail and 17 were frail). The drop-out rate was 23.8% (n=10). The scores on four out of five items and six out of eleven items on the understanding of frailty and regional resources, respectively, improved significantly after the intervention. Regarding the behavioral change stage, 26 participants (81.2%) maintained or improved.Conclusion The participation rate was approximately 30%, similar to conventional programs with direct professional intervention. Conversely, a higher drop-out rate compared to conventional programs suggested the importance of explaining the workshop in the program introduction and publicizing the workshop. The results indicated that the program improved the understanding of frailty and regional resources, and led to behavioral change for frailty prevention.