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South-South Migration and the Labor Market: Evidence from South Africa

Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, Mariapia Mendola
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Using census data for 1996, 2001 and 2007 we study the labor market effect of immigration in South Africa. Over this period, the number of foreign born residents in the country has grown by almost fifty percent, and both the characteristics and geographical distribution of immigrants show substantial variation over time. We exploit this feature of the data to carry out an analysis that combines both the "spatial correlation" approach pioneered by Card (1990) and the variation across schooling
more » ... across schooling and experience groups pursued by Borjas (2003) . We find that increased immigration has a negative effect on natives' employment outcomes, but not on total income. Furthermore, we argue that skilled South Africans appear to be the most negatively affected subgroup of the population. JEL classification numbers: F22, J61
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2271172 fatcat:nkbckvsmezaqtnkczubrdmh3r4