An Extension of the Projected Gradient Method to a Banach Space Setting with Application in Structural Topology Optimization
SIAM Journal of Control and Optimization
For the minimization of a nonlinear cost functional j under convex constraints the relaxed projected gradient process as formulated e.g. in  is a well known method. The analysis is classically performed in a Hilbert space H. We generalize this method to functionals j which are dierentiable in a Banach space. Thus it is possible to perform e.g. an L 2 gradient method if j is only dierentiable in L ∞ . We show global convergence using Armijo backtracking in α k and allow the inner product and
... e inner product and the scaling λ k to change in every iteration. As application we present a structural topology optimization problem based on a phase eld model, where the reduced cost functional j is dierentiable in H 1 ∩L ∞ . The presented numerical results using the H 1 inner product and a pointwise chosen metric including second order information show the expected mesh independency in the iteration numbers. The latter yields an additional, drastic decrease in iteration numbers as well as in computation time. Moreover we present numerical results using a BFGS update of the H 1 inner product for further optimization problems based on phase eld models.