The Thai Anesthesia Incidents Study (THAI Study) of perioperative death: analysis of risk factors
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
National statistical data of mortality and morbidity related to anesthesia have not been reported. The need to comprehensively examine the cause of death as well as other adverse events prompted the first national study in Thailand. In the Thai Anesthesia Incidents Study (THAI Study), a prospectively defined cohort of patients who underwent anesthesia from February 1, 2003 to January 31, 2004 (n=163,403) was studied. All consecutive patients who died intraoperatively or within the period of 24
... n the period of 24 hr after anesthesia were classified to determine a relationship with anesthesia by 3 independent reviewers. These data were further analysed to identify contributing factors. The incidence of 24-hr perioperative death, anesthesia directly related and anesthesia partially related death per 10,000 anesthetics was 28.2 (95% CI 25.7-30.8), 1.7 (95% CI 1.1-2.3) and 4.0 (95% CI 3.1-5.0) respectively. Of 462 deaths, 28 cases (6.5%), 66 cases (14.3%), 61 cases (3.3%), 399 cases (86.7%) and 104 cases (22.6%) were anesthesia directly related, anesthesia partially related, surgical related, patient disease related and system or management related to perioperative death. The common main causes of death were exangination (42.4%), traumatic brain injury (14.3%), sepsis (13.6%), heart failure (5.0%) and hypoxia (5.0%). This study shows incidence of 24-hr perioperative death of 1:354 which is comparable with other studies. Quality assurance activity, prevention of human failure and equipment failure, system improvement of perioperative care, availability of recovery room, intensive care unit, efficient blood bank and adequate number of MD. anesthesiologists are suggestive corrective strategies.